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### GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus, Book, Tips, Exam Pattern

GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus, General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Civil Engineering are the three areas of the GATE 2022 Civil Engineering syllabus. The syllabus for the GATE 2022 paper has been updated to include topics at the Hausarbeiten schreiben lassen undergraduate level. One of the most essential portions is Engineering Mathematics, which covers topics such as linear algebra, calculus, and probability, among others. GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus, GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Books

• The core curriculum will receive the highest weighting of 72 percent, with 15 percent going to General Aptitude and 13 percent to Engineering Mathematics.
• Candidates will have the option to appear for two papers beginning with the first session. If your first paper is CE, you can choose between AR and ES for your second paper.
• The GATE CE paper will include 65 questions for 100 points. Exam Pattern for GATE 2022 CE
• Civil engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally created environment, such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, and structures.

### GATE 2022 Syllabus of Civil Engineering

#### Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

##### Linear Algebra:
• Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
##### Calculus:
• Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value
theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite
integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals.
##### Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE):
• First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems.
##### Partial Differential Equation (PDE):
• Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace equation.
##### Probability and Statistics:
• Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.
##### Numerical Methods:
• Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

#### Section 2: Structural Engineering

##### Engineering Mechanics:
• System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.
##### Solid Mechanics:
• Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
##### Structural Analysis:
• Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames;
##### Displacement methods:
• Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
##### Construction Materials and Management:
• Construction Materials:  Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short term and long-term properties.
##### Construction Management:
• Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.
##### Concrete Structures:
• Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams.
##### Steel Structures:
• Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and
eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis – beams and frames.

#### Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

##### Soil Mechanics:
• Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress
paths.
##### Foundation Engineering:
• Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading,pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.

#### Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

##### Fluid Mechanics:
• Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.
##### Hydraulics:
• Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles.
##### Hydrology:
• Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed,
infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.
##### Irrigation:
• Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.

#### Section 5: Environmental Engineering

##### Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment:
• Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications.
##### Air Pollution:
• Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits.
##### Municipal Solid Wastes:
• Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

#### Section 6: Transportation Engineering

##### Transportation Infrastructure:
• Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.
##### Highway Pavements:
• Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes
##### Traffic Engineering:
• Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.

#### Section 7 – Geotechnical Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system
Section 2 Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey
Section 3 Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; Remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

#### GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Subject wise Weightage

Topic Weightage (Marks)
Numerical Ability 8
Verbal Ability 7
Engineering Mathematics  10
Engineering Mechanics 1
Construction Materials & Management 6
Steel Structure 5
Soil Mechanics  15
Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics 8
Hydrology & Irrigation 5
Water & Waste Water 10
Transportation Engineering 11
Geomatics Engineering 5

#### Section Wise Important GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Books

##### Preparation Books for Engineering Mathematics
Books Author/Publisher
GATE Engineering Mathematics for All Streams Abhinav Goel and Suraj Singh,
Arihant Publication
Higher Engineering Mathematics B.S.Grewal,
Khanna Publishers
Engineering Mathematics - Vol.1 Sharma J.P
Problems and Solutions in Engineering Mathematics T.C. Gupta
##### Preparation Books for Structural Engineering
Books Author/Publisher
Structural Engineer's Pocket Book Fiona Cobb
Fundamentals of Structural Engineering Jerome J. Connor,
Susan Faraji
Structural Engineering Formulas Ilya Mikhelson
Structural Analysis R. C. Hibbeler
##### Preparation Books for Water Resources Engineering
Books Author/Publisher
Irrigation and Water Power Engineering B.C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain,
and Pande Brij Basi Lal
Water Resources Engineering Gupta
Water-Resources Engineering: International Edition David A Chin
Water Supply Engineering Santosh Kumar Garg
##### Preparation Books for Environmental Engineering
Books Author/Publisher
Introduction to Environmental Engineering David A Cornwell and
Mackenzie L Davis
Chemistry for environmental engineering and science Clair N. Sawyer
Textbook of Environmental Engineering P. Venugopala Rao
Elements of Environmental Engineering K. N. Duggal
##### Preparation Books for Transportation Engineering
Books Author/Publisher
Principles of Transportation Engineering Chakraborty and Das
Transportation Planning: Principles, Practices, and Policies Sarkar Prabir Kumar, Maitri Vinay, and Joshi G.J
Text Book On Transportation Engineering Chandola and S.P
Transportation Engineering and Planning C. S. Papacostas and Panos Prevedouros
##### Preparation Books for Geomatics Engineering
Books Author/Publisher
Geomatics Engineering: A Practical Guide to Project Design Clement A. Ogaja
Basics of Geomatics Mario A. Gomarasca
Precision Surveying: The Principles and Geomatics Practice John Olusegun Ogundare
Elementary Surveying: An Introduction to Geomatics Charles D. Ghilani and Paul R. Wolf

#### GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Exam Pattern

GATE is a national competitive test for engineers in several fields. In GATE, there are a total of 25 papers. Applicants are only allowed to appear for one paper at a time. Before beginning the exam preparation, candidates must ensure that they have read the GATE 202 Exam Pattern.

• GATE is exclusively offered in an online format (Computer-Based Test).
• The exam comprises of 65 questions worth a total of 100 points.
• There are two sorts of questions on the exam: multiple choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type questions (NAT).
• Negative marking is not used for NAT, although it is used for MCQs.
For each incorrect answer on a one-mark MCQ,  1/3 of a point will be deducted.
• Similarly, for two-mark MCQs, 2/3 of a point will be deducted.
• The exam will last three hours.
• GATE is divided into 3 sections: general aptitude, engineering mathematics, and the paper’s special subject.
GATE 2021 Section Name of the Section Weightage
Section 1 Engineering Mathematics 13%
Section 2 General Aptitude 15%
Section 3 Subject Questions 72%

#### GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Preparation Tips

##### Speed and Accuracy

Your goal should be to answer questions accurately and quickly. These are the two most significant aspects of the tests, and they are linked. With accuracy, you can quickly develop speed, and with strong speed, you can answer as many questions as possible. The following will assist you in acquiring the talents mentioned:

• Solving Practice Papers or Model Test Papers for Mock Tests or Online Test Series
• At the end of each portion or subject, there are unsolved issues to solve.
• To check your speed, use a stopwatch while answering the questions.
##### Making Notes and Daily Revision
• Every day should be focused revising.
Candidates must review all of the topics they learned throughout the day.
• Make notes during your preparation so that you can easily remember all of the themes, and so that you may use these notes for last-minute preparations.
• Short notes with only the most major topics or points should be included.
• It is recommended that candidates use the last month completely for revision.
##### Test Yourself
• Every week, prepare a test for yourself.
• Mock tests and online test series are also available.
• Analyze your performance after you’ve completed the test.
• You should keep track of your weaknesses and build a list of areas where you need to improve.
• Attempt to complete a certain number of mock tests.
##### Following a Strict Schedule
Time Allotment Activities to Do
5:00 AM to 8:00 AM Revision of Topics
8:00 AM to 10:00 AM Take a Break
10:00 AM to 1:00 PM Pick up a Major Topic
1:00 PM to 5:00 PM Take a Break
6:00 PM to 9:00 PM Pick up next/incomplete topic
10:00 PM Revise again

GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus, GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus, GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus