About General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)

General Nursing Midwifery, or GNM, is a three-and-a-half-year diploma programme in nursing. Students who want to pursue a GNM diploma can do so after completing the Science stream of their class 12 test. The three-year and half-year programme includes a six-month internship requirement. The GNM diploma degree is one of the types of courses that can be used as a stepping stone toward a career in nursing. Graduates of the GNM diploma programme can start their careers in government or private hospitals and clinics.

In India the average GNM diploma course fee ranges from Rs 20,000 to Rs 1.5 Lakh per annum. Which may vary based on the universities/colleges’ standards. There are various institutes in India which offers GNM diploma and admissions are done via both entrance exams and on the basis of merit.

GNM Nursing Eligibility Criteria

  • Must have completed class 12 with English and received a minimum of 40% in the qualifying test and English separately from any recognised board.
  • Should have passed class 12 with English securing 40 percent in aggregate in vocational ANM course from any Institute recognized by the Indian Nursing council.
  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Physics, Biology and Chemistry)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50%
  • The minimum marks may vary from institute to institute.

GNM Course Highlights

Course LevelDiploma
Course NameGeneral Nursing and Midwifery
Short NameGNM
Duration3.5 Years
Examination TypeSemester System/ Year-wise
Eligibility10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
Admission ProcessMerit-Based/ Entrance Exam
Course FeeINR 30,000 to INR 2.5 Lacs
Top Employment AreasHospitals, Nursing Homes, Universities, etc
Job RolesClinical Nurse Specialist, Legal Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nursing etc.

GNM Syllabus



First Year

Biological Sciences

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Microbiology

Behavioral Sciences

  • Psychology
  • Sociology

Fundamentals of Nursing

  • Fundamentals of Nursing
  • First Aid
  • Personal Hygiene

Community Health Nursing

  • Community Health Nursing
  • Environmental Hygiene
  • Health Education & Communication Skill
  • Nutrition


Second Year

Medical-Surgical Nursing I

  • Introduction
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Patho Physiological Mechanism of Disease
  • Altered Immune Response
  • Clinical Pharmacology

Communicable Diseases

  • Assessment
  • Review of infection, how it spreads and its control
  • Reparation, care and administration of antisera and vaccines
  • Isolation- review of epidemiology and control measures
  • Management of various infectious diseases

Ear, Nose and Throat

  • Assessment of the functions of ear, nose, and throat.
  • Disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
  • Management of disorders and diseases of ear, nose, and throat


  • Nursing Management of Patients with abnormal cell growth
  • Classification of cancer
  • Detection and prevention

Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing

  • Introduction
  • History of Psychiatric
  • Mental Health Assessment
  • Community Mental Health
  • Psychiatric Nursing Management
  • Mental Disorders

Community Health Nursing

Computer Education

  • Introduction to computers and disk operating systems
  • Introduction to word processing
  • Introduction to database
  • Graphics and use of Statistical packages
  • Computer aided teaching and testing

Third Year

Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing

  • Introduction
  • Reproductive System
  • Nursing Management of pregnant women
  • Nursing Management of women in Labour
  • Complications of pregnancy and its management

Community Health Nursing – II

  • Health System in India
  • Healthcare services in India
  • Health planning in India
  • Specialized Community health services
  • Vital health statistics

Paediatric Nursing

  • Concept in child healthcare
  • The Newborn
  • The Healthy child
  • Children with various disorders and diseases
  • Welfare of children

Internship Period

  • Educational Method & Media For teaching in practice of Nursing
  • Introduction to Research
  • Professional Trends & Adjustment
  • Administration and Ward Management
  • Health Economics

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Career Options and Job Prospects

Nursing is a full-time occupation, and individuals with the necessary skills and education in the field of care and nursing can work in hospitals, clinics, health departments, or as private health care providers. GNM diploma holders can also volunteer in the community or work for non-profit initiatives that support medical awareness or assist the sick. Salary ranges from Rs. 1.5 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh after completion of the GNM programme. Freshers who pass this training may be offered greater pay packages in government positions. Some of the job profiles that a GNM diploma holder can apply for are as follows:

  • Staff Nurse
  • Home Nurse
  • Health Visitor
  • Community Health Worker

Because GNM is a diploma degree, most students seek for advanced nursing courses after completing the GNM programme to further their job opportunities. Candidates can pursue a variety of courses after completing this diploma programme, including Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (ANM), B.Sc. in Nursing, M.Sc. in Nursing, PG Certificate in Nursing, and Doctorate in Nursing (Ph.D.). The career choices and salaries available after completing these courses in addition to the GNM are superior than those available after completing the GNM alone.

  • Health Care Nurse
  • Nursing Tutor
  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Certified Nursing Assistant
  • Legal Nurse Consultant
  • Senior – Nurse Educator
  • Forensic Nursing
  • Home Care Nurse
  • Emergency Room Nurse
  • ICU Nurse
  • Teacher – Nursing School
  • Staff Nurse
  • Community Health Nurse

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary

Clinical/Hospital Nurse

Clinical Nurse Specialists work in doctor’s facilities, hospitals, clinics, medical centres, and other healthcare centres. They are typically specialists in particular areas, for example, Diabetology, Pediatrics, Obstetrician and Cardiovascular Health, or Public Policy.

Rs 4,50,553

Legal Consulting Nurse

Legal Nurse Consultants are the registered nurses who offers medical data to legal entities, research organizations and experts of medicine-related cases. The data will be related to care, surveying medical records, or preparing reports and outlines about wounds or sicknesses.

Rs 5,30,989


Teachers disseminate knowledge to the students with a wide range of subject knowledge at the post-secondary level. They deliver scholarly articles, perform research, and instruct in the discipline.

RS 9,13,657

Forensic Nurse

Forensic nurses are held responsible for the care for victims of assault, child and elder abuse, domestic violence, neglect, and sexual crimes. Besides taking charge in treating casualties and emergencies, Forensic Nurses also responsible for gathering and securing evidence in cases of conflicts and reported crimes.

Rs 4,94,720

Home Nurse

A Home Nurse is a healthcare professional who constantly takes care of the sick or homebound or helps in functioning of medical offices having staff limitation. Some Home Nurses work and commute between hospitals, schools, and clinics.

Rs 2,37,186